Review of the Nokia Lumia 1020

The Lumia 1020 is the current top-of-the-line Windows Phone 8 device from Nokia. It's claim-to-fame is a 41-megapixel camera.

Last Updated: 09-Nov-2013

Before reading this review, please read Some Thoughts on Phone Reviewing.

Letís face it, the real reason I tested this phone was to try out the camera. The lure of a 41-megapixel camera was just too great. Now I canít speak for most people who might get the Lumia 1020, but I strongly suspect that the camera will be at the top of their list of reasons for buying it. For that reason the bulk of this review will be devoted to the camera, though I do touch on most of the other hallmarks of my phone reviews.

RF Performance

The Lumia 1020 I borrowed was on Telus, and so I was unable to make RF comparisons between it and my Samsung Galaxy S4. However, my old Samsung Galaxy S2 LTE, which I unlocked and gave to my wife to use on a Telus prepaid service, was available for comparison. If you look back at my review of the Galaxy S4 youíll see that I compared its RF performance against that of the GS2 and I declared it a tie. Because of this, we can assume that the GS2 is an acceptable stand-in for the GS4 in this test.

After finding a suitable spot in Square One where the Telus signal was sufficiently weakened (many of my favorite test spots are presently closed off to the public due to mall expansion), I performed test calls. Surprisingly the Lumia 1020 did markedly better than the GS2, and I say surprisingly because it is rare that I find this much of a difference in RF performance between one phone and next in modern smartphones. Itís probably a result of excellent antenna design on the part of Nokia, but regardless of what it is the Lumia 1020 is has superb RF characteristics (in HSPA mode at any rate).

Audio Performance

In-call audio is rather odd, in that it appears to be enhanced to try and bring out the sibilance in spoken words (this refers to high-frequency components, in particular the ďsĒ sounds). The enhancement works, insomuch as it does highlight those nuances of speech, but in doing so it sounds rather artificial. Iíve never encountered a phone before that has this peculiar feature, including other Lumia models.

The above-mentions enhancement notwithstanding, the native earpiece has a reasonably nice tone and volume is acceptable. However, it isnít as loud as the SG4, particularly if you activate the volume boost feature on the Samsung phone during a call.

The speakerphone is a huge disappointment. It just doesnít have anywhere near enough volume to be all that useful, except in very quiet environments. The GS4 is markedly louder under normal circumstances, but when the volume boost is activated the Samsung phone totally blows the Lumia 1020 out of the water when it comes to speakerphone volume. Clarity is about the same however.

Multimedia Audio

The Lumia 1020 has a single multimedia speaker located behind a grill at the bottom edge of the phone (next to the USB connector). I compared the Lumia 1020 to the GS4 using YouTube and various music apps. Both phones provide approximately the same maximum volume, though the Lumia 1020 sounds a bit muddy compared to the GS4. Depending upon what you are listening to the muddiness either makes it sound a bit fuller or it makes it sound distinctly duller. The difference between the Lumia 1020 and GS4 is only slight, but compared to the stellar sound of the speakers on the HTC One neither phone sounds exactly great.


The Lumia 1020 comes with a 1280 x 768 Super AMOLED display. While youíd have expected a high-end model like the Lumia 1020 to have a 1920 x 1080 screen like the GS4, this canít currently be accommodated in Windows Phone 8. Nokia was therefore restricted to this resolution, but Iíve noted before that 1080p screens are somewhat overkill and itís unlikely youíll find anything to complain about with the resolution of the screen.

However, given that the outside width and height of the Lumia 1020 arenít much different from that of the GS4, itís rather disappointing to find that you get only a 4.5-inch screen, compared to the 5-inch screen on the GS4. In fact, the smaller screen looks almost comical on the Lumia 1020, which has a wide bezel around it and lots of unused space at the bottom.

Because they use pretty much the same display technology, both the Lumia 1020 and the GS4 have approximately the same maximum screen brightness, though the Lumia 1020 has a slightly yellowish tint to it. However, youíll only notice this tint when comparing it with other phones, because the human brain does a terrific job of white-balancing the world around it. This is why we donít think a room looks red under incandescent lighting and green under fluorescent lighting. It is possible to SLIGHTLY change the color balance and saturation of the screen, but the amount you can alter it is slight and no amount of adjustment gets ride of the yellow tint.


Well, this is the feature that got the lionís share of my attention. And with good reason, because the Lumia 1020 has what should be a simply incredible camera. I started with rather elevated expectations of the cameraís capabilities, but I found myself a little let down in the end by its inability to hold up to those high standards. Donít get me wrong though, this is probably one of the best camera sensors ever put in a smartphone, but if you thought it would trounce the competition in all aspects of photography, youíre in for a bit of a surprise.

As it comes out of the box there are no less than 3 Nokia-specific camera apps (along with the stock Windows Phone 8 camera which you will most likely never use). You were forced to pick the one that had the features you wanted, and that was a royal pain. However, an update from the app store changed that by installing a new all-encompassing app called Nokia Camera. However, the other two apps (called Nokia Smart Cam and Nokia Panorama) still exist. It seems that the new camera app just calls these other apps to access their functionality. Itís an ergonomic improvement, but it didnít overcome some of the severe limitations of the 3 independent apps.

The main camera app has some very well-implemented manual adjustment features laid out in an excellent U/I. It is the only camera app that will natively save a high-resolution version of the picture, along side the down-sized 5 megapixel version that you get out of all the other apps. However, if you thought those pictures would be 41 megapixels, you were slightly misled.

In the default 16:9 aspect ratio the images are 7712 x 4352, which is a grand total of 33,562,624 pixels. When the 4:3 aspect ratio is used the pictures are 7136 x 5360, which is 38,248,960 pixels. If youíre wondering where they got the 41-megapixel figure from, then take a closer look at those dimensions. The sensor is 7712 pixels wide (as used in 16:9 pictures) by 5360 pixels tall (as used in 4:3 pictures). If we multiple those figures we get a total of 41,336,320. So, the sensor really does have 41 million pixels, but you canít use them all at once.

The Nokia Camera app has those wonderful manual controls, as well as the standard auto-focus, auto-white balance, and auto exposure settings, but it doesnít do some of the more interesting things weíve come to expect from cameras, such as Best Shot, Action Shot, Motion Focus, Change Faces, or Remove Moving Objects. To get them the Nokia Camera app defers to the Nokia Smart Camera, but sadly it does not save a high-resolution version of the picture and all you get is a down-sized 5 megapixel image. To its credit however, it stores all of the information it gathers in a large file that it can reference later. This makes it possible to repeatedly generate new composite images using any of the special features.

Now, if you want to take a panorama you are deferred Nokia Panorama. This single-minded app has no customizations and you can only use it horizontally. Despite the massive sensor it has to work with, the resulting pictures are only 1,656 pixels high. Compare that with the GS4, which when used vertically to take a panorama results in pictures that are 3,072 pixels high.

As for ergonomics, this is the weirdest panorama feature Iíve every used. Just about every other one on the market today simply requires you to pan smoothly around and wait for the results. In this one you must move the phone to the next photo position as indicated on the screen. If you move a bit too fast it looses your position and requests that you return to the previous position and try again. Thereís no denying that the results are good, but getting them is a bit of a pest.

There doesnít seem to be an HDR mode in any of the camera apps. Until recently I didnít put much stock in this feature, chiefly because the one provided on my dedicated Sony Cybershot camera wasnít all that great. However, after seeing how incredibly effective the HDR mode is on the GS4 Iíve since changed my mind, and its absence here is a big strike against the Lumia 1020 as a camera substitute.

What the camera app lacks in features however, it makes up for in low-light capability. The sensor will go up to ISO 4000, which is far higher than is typical on most camera phones. Usually we donít see more than ISO 800 (though the GS4 does go up to ISO 1000, but only when set to it automatically). The Lumia 1020 is also capable of much longer exposures (you can manually set it as long at 4 seconds). Iíve never seen anything longer than 1/17th of a second on the GS4. The optical stabilization of the lens makes longer exposure times possible without the risk of a horrendously blurry shot.

All of that wouldnít be of much use if the sensor was noisy at low light levels and long exposures, but itís actually pretty clean. The grain is acceptable and the camera software doesnít try to over-sharpen the resulting image. The camera has the ability to shoot in incredibly dim light and produce results that are quite spectacular. The only issue I had with them was that they were a bit too red or a bit too yellow and needed to be color-corrected after the fact. Many people will not bother to do this, so the color balance on many low-light photos taken with the Lumia 1020 will be a little off.

Okay, but what about the quality of pictures taken in good lighting conditions? I started out by assuming that due to the 41-megapixel sensor theyíd be spectacular too, but the pictures didnít quite live up to my expectations. It started once again with the color balance, though this time around the pictures were usually too green and lacked enough red. This could be corrected in Photoshop, but again I doubt that many people would do this.

When photographing complex sunlit pictures, such as the vegetation in my backyard, the Lumia 1020 just couldnít seem to sharply focus on or cleanly render the tiny leaves and countless details the way my GS4 could. To be certain it wasnít just a result of camera shake I put the phone on a tripod (using a tripod mount for smartphones). I then used the timer to take the picture so that I wasnít handling the phone at the time. However, with optical image stabilization such precautions shouldnít have been necessary, especially when the GS4 was used handheld and it hasnít got optical image stabilization. The issue therefore was not movement of the camera during the shot.

No matter what I did (including the cleaning of the lens opening and ensuring I set the focus to the object I wanted to be the center of my examination) the shots kept coming out the same way. There was no question that in brightly-lit situations (typically any outdoor shot taken during the day, either in sunny or overcast conditions) the GS4 produced slightly sharper-looking shots despite having only a 13-megapixel sensor going up against the 41-megapixel sensor of the Lumia 1020. When I shrunk the GS4 photos down to 5 megapixels (in-phone using the photo editor of QuickPic) and I compared them to the downsized 5 megapixel images from the Lumia 1020, the same was still true and the GS4 shots looked sharper, better saturated, with better overall contrast.

Iíve included a couple of cropped samples from the 5-megapixel versions of pictures taken with both phones so that you can at least see what Iím talking about. On occasion I managed to take outdoor pictures with the Lumia 1020 that matched the GS4. This may suggest the Lumia has a problem with its auto-focus algorithms that donít accurately set the focus each time. This at least suggests that it can be fixed in later releases of the camera software.

Lumia 102 Galaxy S4

At least part of the problem seems to be the quality of the lens. The GS4 retains sharp images all the way to the edges of the picture, while the Lumia 1020 looses a bit of its sharpness around the edges. This might be the result of production variation in the grinding of the lens (that is, I might have ended up with a really good lens on my GS4 and a rather poor one on the Lumia 1020). Far off twigs that have lost their leaves made an excellent source of material for this type of testing.

Iíve included two sets of crops taken from the 5-megapixel versions of the picture from both cameras. The first set of crops show the center of the view to demonstrate that the Lumia 1020 was indeed in focus and not blurry. The second set is cropped from the left sides of the same photographs. Even in the center crop you can see that the GS4 does a much better of job of picking the exposure and it renders cleaner details and greater contrast. I should not that this is an extreme example of this effect, presented here only to give you an idea of what Iím referring to.

Center of the 1020 Photo Center of the GS4 Photo
Left edge of the 1020 photo Left edge of the GS4 photo

Video functionality is pretty basic. You can start and stop videos and thatís pretty much it. Unlike the GS4 you canít PAUSE a video and restart it. You cannot change the focus during the shooting of a video (and essentially switch to manual focus) as you can in the GS4, meaning you must rely on the auto-focus not to mess with you. As far as I can tell you cannot take full-resolution stills during the shooting of a video either, though I might have missed that. One final niggle about the videos is that the wider angle of the lens on this phone produces accentuated fisheye-like distortions as the camera is panned.

One thing that does make the videos markedly better than on most phones is the optical image stabilization. This feature works especially well when you zoom in. During a zoom even slight movement of the phone results in very noticeable changes in the image. Most other phones (including the GS4) rely on digital stabilization in which the processing of the resulting image is manipulated to reduce the appearance of jiggles. In optical stabilization the lens if physically moved to keep the image stable as it falls on the sensor. And speaking of zoom, you can do a lot more of it while still retaining true 1080p resolution due to the high number of pixels in the sensor. The same is true of the GS4ís 13 megapixel sensor, but not as much so.

Youíd think that the excellent low-light sensitivity in stills would translate into really good low-light videos. Youíd be wrong. In fact, the GS4 has slightly better low-light sensitivity in video mode than the Lumia 1020 does. This is probably because of the way in which the sensor achieves its amazing low-light sensitivity in stills canít it be utilized at 30 frames per second. The HTC One on the other hand has excellent low-light sensitivity when shooting videos, which is probably a testament to the lower-resolution sensor that phone uses.

The bottom line is that the sensor in the Lumia 1020 truly is the best one out there when it comes to low-light photography. In fact, many of the low-light shots were ever better than I could take with my Sony Cybershot camera. However, once thereís sufficient light the GS4 matches and often exceeds the quality of the Lumia 1020, especially in color balance and certain types of image detail. This sounds quite similar to what I found with the HTC One. It seems that when a sensor is optimized for excellent low-light performance, it suffers when it has to work in bright light.


My feelings toward Windows Phone devices have been stated many times before. I find them severely limited and despite their smooth overall performance I can never bring myself to use one on a regular basis, because they just frustrate the hell out of me. Even when well-known apps are available for Windows Phone, they are often pale imitations of their Android or iOS counterparts.

Was the camera on the Lumia 1020 spectacular in all aspects, then it might be possible to own one to use just as a camera. However, it isnít yet good enough to replace a mid-range point-and-shoot, and so thereís little chance Iíd do that.

This isnít to say that Windows Phone isnít right-on-the-money for some people, and if you happen to be one of those types and you were looking for an excuse to spend the extra money on the Lumia 1020, then the camera performance is certainly good enough to make it worth your while. For the rest of us however, we can be somewhat jealous of certain aspects of the cameraís performance, while at the same time feel smug in the knowledge that our choice of a non-Microsoft O/S will more than make up for it.